Industrial Production Managers
|Quick Facts: Industrial Production Managers|
|2017 Median Pay||$100,580 per year
$48.36 per hour
|Typical Entry-Level Education||Bachelor's degree|
|Work Experience in a Related Occupation||5 years or more|
|Number of Jobs, 2016||170,600|
|Job Outlook, 2016-26||-1% (Little or no change)|
|Employment Change, 2016-26||-900|
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Industrial Production Management Career, Salary, and Education Information
What Industrial Production Managers Do
Industrial production managers oversee the daily operations of manufacturing and related plants. They coordinate, plan, and direct the activities used to create a wide range of goods, such as cars, computer equipment, or paper products.
industrial production managers
Duties for industrial production managers
Industrial production managers typically do the following:
Decide how best to use a plant’s workers and equipment to meet production goals
Ensure that production stays on schedule and within budget
Hire, train, and evaluate workers
Analyze production data
Write production reports
Monitor a plant’s workers and programs to ensure they meet performance and safety requirements
Streamline the production process
Determine whether new machines are needed or whether overtime work is necessary
Fix any production problems
Industrial production managers, also called plant managers, may oversee an entire manufacturing plant or a specific area of production.
Industrial production managers are responsible for carrying out quality control programs to make sure the finished product meets a specific level of quality. Often called quality control systems managers, these managers use programs to help identify defects in products, identify the cause of the defect, and solve the problem creating it. For example, a manager may determine that a defect is being caused by parts from an outside supplier. The manager can then work with the supplier to improve the quality of the parts.
Industrial production managers work closely with managers from other departments as well. For example, the procurement (buying) department orders the supplies that the production department uses. A breakdown in communication between these two departments can cause production slowdowns. Industrial production managers also communicate with other managers and departments, such as sales, warehousing, finance, and research and design.
Work Environment for industrial production managers
Industrial production managers held about 170,600 jobs in 2016. The largest employers of industrial production managers were as follows:
Transportation equipment manufacturing: 11%
Fabricated metal product manufacturing: 10%
Chemical manufacturing: 8%
Machinery manufacturing: 7%
Food manufacturing: 7%
Industrial production managers split their time between the production area and a nearby office. When they are working in the production area, they may need to wear protective equipment, such as a helmet or safety goggles.
Most industrial production managers work full time, and almost half worked more than 40 hours per week in 2016. In some facilities, managers work night or weekend shifts and must be on call to deal with emergencies at any time.
How to Become an industrial production manager
Industrial production managers typically need a bachelor’s degree and several years of related work experience.
Employers prefer that industrial production managers have at least a bachelor’s degree. While the degree may be in any field, many industrial production managers have a bachelor’s degree in business administration or industrial engineering. Sometimes, production workers with many years of experience take management classes to become production managers. At large plants, where managers have more oversight responsibilities, employers may look for managers who have a Master of Business Administration (MBA) or a graduate degree in industrial management.
Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Many industrial production managers begin as production workers and move up through the ranks. They usually advance to a first-line supervisory position before eventually becoming an industrial production manager. Most earn a college degree in business management or take company-sponsored classes to increase their chances of a promotion.
Alternatively, a worker who joins a firm immediately after graduating from college may work as first-line supervisor before beginning a job as a production manager.
Some begin working as an industrial production manager directly after college or graduate school. They may spend their first few months in training programs, becoming familiar with the production process, company policies, and safety regulations. In large companies, many also spend short periods of time working in other departments, such as purchasing or accounting, to learn more about the company.
Interpersonal skills. Industrial production managers must have excellent communication skills so they can work well other managers and with staff.
Leadership skills. To keep the production process running smoothly, industrial production managers must motivate and direct the employees they manage.
Problem-solving skills. Production managers must identify problems immediately and solve them. For example, if a product has a defect, the manager determines whether it is a one-time problem or the result of the production process.
Time-management skills. To meet production deadlines, managers must carefully manage their employees’ time as well as their own.
Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
While not required, industrial production managers can earn certifications that show a higher level of competency in quality or management systems. The APICS offers a Certified in Production and Inventory Management (CPIM) credential. The American Society of Quality (ASQ) offers credentials in quality control. Both certifications require specific amounts of work experience before applying for the credential, so they are generally not earned before entering the occupation.
Salaries for industrial production managers
The median annual wage for industrial production managers was $100,580 in May 2017. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $61,360, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $168,780.
In May 2017, the median annual wages for industrial production managers in the top industries in which they worked were as follows:
Chemical manufacturing: $109,600
Transportation equipment manufacturing: $104,740
Machinery manufacturing: $99,380
Fabricated metal product manufacturing: $94,590
Food manufacturing: $93,380
Most industrial production managers work full time, and almost half worked more than 40 hours per week in 2016.
Job Outlook for industrial production managers
Employment of industrial production managers is projected to show little or no change from 2016 to 2026. Most of these managers are employed in various manufacturing industries, which may see a decrease in overall employment due to increased productivity.
In the past, employment of industrial production managers was less affected by productivity gains because these managers were responsible for coordinating work activities with the goal of increased productivity. However, as facilities adapt to leaner production models that rely more heavily on robotics and other technology, employment of workers and managers may be equally affected.
Some manufacturing jobs are at risk of being outsourced to other countries with lower wages, dampening some employment growth. However, this risk may be reduced by recent trends of “reshoring,” where previously outsourced personnel and services are being brought back to the United States. In addition, some firms are moving jobs to lower-cost regions of the United States rather than foreign countries in a trend referred to as “domestic sourcing.”
Applicants will likely face strong competition for positions, but those who have several years of experience and a bachelor’s degree in industrial management or business administration should have the best prospects.
Employment projections data for industrial production managers, 2016-26
Employment, 2016: 170,600
Projected Employment, 2026: 169,700
Change, 2016-2026: -1%, -900
Careers Related to industrial production managers
Architectural and engineering managers plan, direct, and coordinate activities in architectural and engineering companies.
Construction managers plan, coordinate, budget, and supervise construction projects from start to finish.
Health and safety engineers develop procedures and design systems to protect people from illness and injury and property from damage. They combine knowledge of engineering and of health and safety to make sure that chemicals, machinery, software, furniture, and other products will not cause harm to people or damage to property.
Industrial engineers find ways to eliminate wastefulness in production processes. They devise efficient systems that integrate workers, machines, materials, information, and energy to make a product or provide a service.
Management analysts, often called management consultants, propose ways to improve an organization’s efficiency. They advise managers on how to make organizations more profitable through reduced costs and increased revenues.
Mechanical engineers design, develop, build, and test mechanical and thermal sensors and devices, including tools, engines, and machines.
Operations research analysts use advanced mathematical and analytical methods to help organizations investigate complex issues, identify and solve problems, and make better decisions.
Sales managers direct organizations' sales teams. They set sales goals, analyze data, and develop training programs for organizations’ sales representatives.
Top executives devise strategies and policies to ensure that an organization meets its goals. They plan, direct, and coordinate operational activities of companies and organizations.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Industrial Production Managers,
on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/ooh/management/industrial-production-managers.htm