Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers
|Quick Facts: Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers|
|2017 Median Pay||$53,380 per year
$25.67 per hour
|Typical Entry-Level Education||Postsecondary nondegree award|
|Work Experience in a Related Occupation||None|
|On-the-job Training||Moderate-term on-the-job training|
|Number of Jobs, 2016||237,600|
|Job Outlook, 2016-26||-8% (Decline)|
|Employment Change, 2016-26||-18,200|
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Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers Career, Salary, and Education Information
What Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers Do
Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, also known as telecom technicians, set up and maintain devices or equipment that carry communications signals, such as telephone lines and Internet routers.
telecommunications equipment installers and repairers
Duties of Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers
Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers typically do the following:
Install communications equipment in offices, private homes, and buildings that are under construction
Set up, rearrange, and replace routing and dialing equipment
Inspect and service equipment, wiring, and phone jacks
Repair or replace faulty, damaged, and malfunctioning equipment
Test repaired, newly installed, and updated equipment to ensure that it works properly
Adjust or calibrate equipment to improve its performance
Keep records of maintenance, repairs, and installations
Demonstrate and explain the use of equipment to customers
These workers use many different tools to inspect equipment and diagnose problems. For instance, to locate distortions in signals, they may employ spectrum analyzers and polarity probes. They also commonly use hand tools, including screwdrivers and pliers, to take equipment apart and repair it.
Many telecom technicians work with computers, specialized hardware, and other diagnostic equipment. They follow manufacturers’ instructions or technical manuals to install or update software and programs on devices.
Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers who work at a client’s location must track hours worked, parts used, and costs incurred. Workers who set up and maintain lines outdoors are classified as line installers and repairers.
The specific tasks of telecom technicians vary with their specialization and where they work.
The following are examples of types of telecommunications equipment installers and repairers:
Central office technicians set up and maintain switches, routers, fiber-optic cables, and other equipment at switching hubs, called central offices. These hubs send, process, and amplify data from thousands of telephone, Internet, and cable connections. Telecom technicians receive alerts about equipment malfunctions from automonitoring switches and are able to correct the problems remotely.
Headend technicians perform work similar to that of central office technicians, but work at distribution centers for cable and television companies, called headends. Headends are control centers in which technicians monitor signals for local cable networks.
Home installers and repairers—sometimes known as station installers and repairers—set up and repair telecommunications equipment in customers’ homes and businesses. For example, they set up modems to install telephone, Internet, and cable television services.
When customers have problems, home installers and repairers test the customer’s lines to determine if the problem is inside the building or outside. If the problem is inside, they try to repair it. If the problem is outside, they refer the problem to line repairers.
Work Environment for Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers
Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers held about 237,600 jobs in 2016. The largest employers of telecommunications equipment installers and repairers were as follows:
Electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors: 12%
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods: 3%
Cable and other subscription programming: 3%
Professional, scientific, and technical services: 3%
Some telecom technicians provide in-home installation and repair services, while others work in central offices or electronic service centers. Equipment installation may require climbing onto rooftops and into attics, and climbing ladders and telephone poles.
Telecom technicians occasionally work in cramped, awkward positions, in which they stoop, crouch, crawl, or reach high to do their work. Sometimes they must lift or move heavy equipment and parts. They also may work on equipment while it is powered, so they need to take necessary precautions.
Injuries and Illnesses
Telecom technicians have one of the highest rates of injuries and illnesses of all occupations. Common injuries include falls and strains. To reduce risk of injury, workers wear hardhats and harnesses when working on ladders or on elevated equipment. To prevent electrical shocks, technicians may lock off power to equipment that is under repair.
Most telecom technicians worked full time in 2016. Some businesses offer 24-hour repair services. Telecom technicians in these companies work shifts, including evenings, holidays, and weekends. Some are on call around the clock in case of emergencies.
How to Become a Telecommunications Equipment Installer and Repairer
Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers typically need postsecondary education in electronics, telecommunications, or computer networking. They also receive on-the-job training.
Telecom technicians typically need postsecondary education in electronics, telecommunications, or computer networking. Generally, postsecondary programs include classes such as data transmission systems, data communication, AC/DC electrical circuits, and computer programming. Most programs lead to a certificate or an associate’s degree in telecommunications or related subjects. Some employers prefer to hire candidates with an associate’s degree.
Once hired, telecom technicians receive on-the-job training, typically lasting a few weeks to a few months. Training involves a combination of classroom instruction and hands-on work with an experienced technician. In these settings, workers learn the equipment’s internal parts and the tools needed for repair. Technicians who have completed postsecondary education often require less on-the-job instruction than those who have not.
Some companies may send new employees to training sessions to learn about equipment, procedures, and technologies offered by equipment manufacturers or industry organizations.
Because technology in this field constantly changes, telecom technicians must continue learning about new equipment over the course of their careers.
Color vision. Telecom technicians work with color-coded wires, and they need to be able to tell them apart.
Customer-service skills. Telecom technicians who work in customers’ homes and offices should be friendly and polite. They must be able to teach people how to maintain and operate communications equipment.
Dexterity. Telecom technicians’ tasks, such as repairing small devices, connecting components, and using hand tools, require a steady hand and good hand–eye coordination.
Mechanical skills. Telecom technicians must be familiar with the devices they install and repair, with their internal parts, and with the appropriate tools needed to use, install, or fix them. They must also be able to understand manufacturers’ instructions when installing or repairing equipment.
Troubleshooting skills. Telecom technicians must be able to troubleshoot and devise solutions to problems that are not immediately apparent.
Salaries for Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers
The median annual wage for telecommunications equipment installers and repairers was $53,380 in May 2017. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $31,100, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $80,530.
In May 2017, the median annual wages for telecommunications equipment installers and repairers in the top industries in which they worked were as follows:
Professional, scientific, and technical services: $54,730
Cable and other subscription programming: $51,600
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods: $50,570
Electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors: $46,880
Most telecom technicians worked full time in 2016.
Some businesses offer 24-hour repair services. Telecom technicians in these companies work shifts, including evenings, holidays, and weekends. Some are on call around the clock in case of emergencies.
Job Outlook for Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers
Employment of telecommunications equipment installers and repairers is projected to decline 8 percent from 2016 to 2026.
Employment is projected to decline in the telecommunications industries, specifically in wired telecommunications carriers, the industry that employs most of these workers. Consumers increasingly demand wireless and mobile services, which often require less installation, instead of landline-based services. This shift in demand means that telecommunications companies are expected to require fewer telecommunications equipment installers.
Some job opportunities should come from the need to replace workers who leave the occupation. Although job opportunities will vary by specialty, those with an associate’s degree and strong customer-service skills should have the best job prospects.
Technologies such as mobile video streaming and broadband Internet require high data transfer rates in telecommunications systems. Central office and headend technicians are likely to be needed to service and upgrade switches and routers to handle increased data usage, resulting in some job opportunities for them.
Employment projections data for Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, 2016-26
Employment, 2016: 237,600
Projected Employment, 2026: 219,400
Change, 2016-2026: -8%, -18,200
Careers Related to Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers
Broadcast and sound engineering technicians set up, operate, and maintain the electrical equipment for radio programs, television broadcasts, concerts, sound recordings, and movies.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers install or repair a variety of electrical equipment in telecommunications, transportation, utilities, and other industries.
Line installers and repairers, also known as line workers, install or repair electrical power systems and telecommunications cables, including fiber optics.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/ooh/installation-maintenance-and-repair/telecommunications-equipment-installers-and-repairers-except-line-installers.htm